Cover of: Bioremediation in the highway environment |

Bioremediation in the highway environment

three case studies
  • 30 Pages
  • 4.91 MB
  • 5644 Downloads
  • English

American Society of Civil Engineers , [Reston, VA]
Bioremediation -- United States -- Case studies., Soil pollution -- United States -- Case studies., Hazardous waste site remediation -- United States -- Case studies., Roads -- Environmental aspects -- United St

Places

United States, United St

Statementprepared by the Environmental Technology Evaluation Center (EvTEC) and the Highway Innovative Technology Center (HITEC).
ContributionsEnvironmental Technology Evaluation Center (U.S.), Highway Innovative Technology Evaluation Center (U.S.)
Classifications
LC ClassificationsTD192 .B56 1998
The Physical Object
Paginationx, 30 p. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL373273M
ISBN 100784403775
LC Control Number98034951

Get this from a library. Bioremediation in the highway environment: three case studies. [Environmental Technology Evaluation Center (U.S.); Highway Innovative Technology Evaluation Center (U.S.);]. Bioremediation is an option that enhances the efficacy of the natural biodegradation process of the ocean.

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It uses decomposers and green plants, or their enzymes, to improve the condition of contaminated environment (Atlas & Hazen, ). Many hydrocarbons (including normal and cyclic alkanes, most monoaromatics and some PAHs) are biodegradable. History of bioremediation - First commercial application: Sun Oil pipeline spill in Ambler, Pennsylvania s - Continuing bioremediation projects by Richard Raymond of Sun Oil mids - emphasis on bioengineering organisms for bioremediation.

This technology did. Building on the success of bioremediation and phytoremediation technologies, Natural and Enhanced Remediation Systems explores remediation techniques that use the beneficial effects provided by Mother Nature. Written by a leader in the industry, the book provides state-of-the-art information on natural and enhanced remediation techniques such.

1 An Introduction to Bioremediation 9 Bioremediation in reactors involves the processing of contam inated solid material (soil, sediment, sludge) or water through an engineered containment system. Bioremediation can be used at home or in commercial applications.

Crime scene cleanup companies use bioremediation techniques to clean up crime scenes where there are bodily fluids. Composting is a technique used to speed up the decomposing process of yard waste, for use as a gardening tool.

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Free shipping for many products. Bioremediation can be grouped into two broad types: intrinsic and engineered.

Figure illustrates the differences between the two. Intrinsic bioremediation manages the innate capabilities of naturally occurring microbial communities to Bioremediation in the highway environment book environmental pollutants without taking any engineering steps to enhance the process.

Increasingly, in situ bioremediation is being heralded as a promising ''new" alternative ground water cleanup technology. In fact, however, bioremediation is not new.

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It has been used commercially for more than 20 years. The first commercial in situ bioremediation system was installed in to. A Citizen’s Guide to. Bioremediation. What Is Bioremediation. Bioremediation is the use of microbes to clean up.

contaminated soil and groundwater. Microbes are very small organisms, such as bacteria, that live naturally in the environment. Bioremediation stimulates the growth of certain microbes that use contaminants as a source of food and. INTRODUCTION TO IN SITU BIOREMEDIATION OF GROUNDWATER. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Bioremediation is an engineered technology that modifies environmental conditions (physical, chemical, biochemical, or microbiological) to encourage microorganisms to destroy or detoxify organic and inorganic contaminants in the Size: 2MB.

The book includes invited papers by eminent contributors who provide cost-effective bioremediation strategies to immobilize contaminants for cleanup of environment. The book is directed towards postgraduate students in biotechnology/life sciences/environmental sciences/biosciences and researchers in universities and research institutes and.

Physiological requirements, or set of conditions required by organisms to carry out bioremediation in the environment, include nutrient availability, optimal pH, and availability of electron acceptors, such as oxygen and nitrate [4].

Also, the environment needs to be habitable for organisms involved in bioremediation [4]. Bioremediation is a process used to treat contaminated media, including water, soil and subsurface material, by altering environmental conditions to stimulate growth of microorganisms and degrade the target pollutants.

In many cases, bioremediation is less expensive and more sustainable than other remediation alternatives. Biological treatment is a similar approach used to treat wastes. Microbial Biodegradation and Bioremediation brings together experts in relevant fields to describe the successful application of microbes and their derivatives for bioremediation of potentially toxic and relatively novel compounds.

This single-source reference encompasses all categories of pollutants and their applications in a convenient, comprehensive package. Environmental contamination from both natural and anthropogenic sources is, today, a major environmental concern due to pervasiveness and persistence of many toxicants.

It is considered as an inevitable evil of our progress and modernization. To decontaminate the soils, sediments and waters, polluted by anthropogenic activities, the scientists and technologists have evolved different Reviews: 1.

BIOREMEDIATION SMALL SOLUTIONS TO BIG PROBLEMS. 2 BACKGROUND Bioremediation is the use of living organisms, primarily microorganisms, to degrade environmental contaminants into less toxic forms. Research has demonstrated that there are very few environments where microbes have not organisms to effect remediation of the environment, e.g.

Abstract: A brief outline of the development of bioremediation technologies is presented. The major features and limitations are discussed, and an overview of the current state of the art in field applications is sketched.

INTRODUCTION The quality of life on Earth is linked inextricably to the overall quality of the environment. In early. bioremediation.

Keywords: Bioremediation, Phtyoremediation. Introduction Bioremediation is the use of microorganism metabolism to remove pollutants. Bioremediation can occur on its own (natural attenuation or intrinsic bioremediation) or can be spurred on via the addition of fertilizers to increase the.

Bioremediation technology involves the use of living organisms like microbes and plants to reduce/degrade, eliminate and transform contaminants present in soils, sediments and water.

This book presents the basic principles of biodegradation and shows how these principles relate to bioremediation. Authored by a world-renowned environmental microbiologist, Biodegradation and Bioremediation presents microbiological, chemical, toxicological, environmental, engineering, and technological aspects of the Edition: 2.

BIOTECHNOLOGY –Vol. X -- Bioremediation: An Overview - M. Vidali ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) recalcitrant molecules. [See Table 1 for a list of contaminants potentially suitable for bioremediation.] 3.

Factors of Bioremediation The control and optimization of bioremediation processes is a complex system of many Size: KB. Bioremediation O Conducted under controlled conditions, BioSiteSM bioremediation uses a combination of chemicals and microorganisms to naturally break down hazardous materials into non-hazardous substances that can be recycled or buried in conventional landfills.

Treating contaminated soils on-site at bioremediation facilitiesFile Size: 1MB. Industrial and agricultural activity throughout this century has led to considerable contamination of soil and groundwater resources by hazardous chemicals.

The technique of bioremediation uses living organisms--usually bacteria and fungi--to remove pollutants from soil and water with minimal disturbance to these environments. This approach, which is potentially more cost 4/5(1). BIOREMEDIATION - AN OVERVIEW V.

MARY KENSA Department of in Botany, S.T. Hindu College, Nagercoil, Tamil Nadu, India Key words: Bioremediation, Contaminants, Monitoring and Saturation (Received 16 March ; accepted 15 June ) ABSTRACT Bioremediation is an ecologically sound and state of the art technique that employs natural biological.

Benefits of Bioremediation. The biggest benefit from using bioremediation processes is its contribution to the environment. Bioremediation uses nature to fix nature.

Properly applied by knowledgeable people using specialized equipment designed for bioremediation, this is the safest and least invasive soil and groundwater cleanup available.

Bioremediation is one method of cleaning up contamination in the environment through the activities of living organisms. There are three types of bioremediation strategies involving microorganisms: 1) Natural attenuation – In some cases, natural populations adapt to the contaminant conditions and are able to convert the contaminants to non-hazardous endproducts rapidly enough to prevent.

Renovogen Inc. is a bioremediation services company focused on the development and application of unique bioremediation methods to eliminate hazardous environmental pollutants from contaminated soils and groundwater. Our goal is to provide bioremediation solutions that lead to rapid, low-cost site.

ecosystem mismanagement. Bioremediation applies living microorganisms to degrade environmental pollutants or to prevent pollution or it is a technology for removing pollutants from the environment thus restoring the original natural surroundings and preventing furt her Size: KB.

Bioremediation Bioremediation is a waste management technique that involves the use of organisms such as plants, bacteria, and fungi to remove or neutralize pollutants from a contaminated site.

According to the United States EPA, bioremediation is a “treatment that uses naturally occurring organisms to break down hazardous substances into less toxic or non toxic substances”.Author: Matthew R.

Fisher. Written by leading soil and ground-water remediation scientists, Handbook of Bioremediation presents information regarding the processes, application, and limitations of using remediation technologies to restore contaminated soil and ground water. It covers field-tested technologies, site characterization requirements for each remediation Cited by:   Bioremediation is an emerging field of environmental research.

The objective of a bioremediation process is to immobilize contaminants (reactants) or to transform them into chemical products that do not pose a risk to human health and the environment. Toxicity and Waste Management Using Bioremediati.Bioremediation Approaches for Recalcitrant Pollutants: Potentiality, Successes and Limitation: /ch The different chemical pollutants discharged by the industries to the environment can upset the delicate balance of the ecosystem.

Bioremediation, the use ofCited by: 1.